Brief Introduction to Wax Begonia
Taxonomic Classification ( Biological Classification)
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Cucurbitales
Family : Begoniaceae
Genus : Begonia
Species : Begonia semperflorens
How to grow, care, propagate & overwinter Wax Begonia? What are the common problems associated with it? Learn here…
There are hundreds of species in the plant genus Begonia with a large variety of colours and shades of petals.
Here we will discuss one of the popular varieties of the Begonia plant, the Wax Begonia whose scientific name is Begonia semperflorens.
Wax Begonia is also called fibrous begonia.
This plant is resistant to deer because it is distasteful to deer.
They can grow up to 46cm and can spread up to 30cm. They usually grow up in small clumps and are purely non-invasive.
Where To Grow Wax Begonia?
Wax Begonia is a hardy plant i.e. it can flourish in hardiness Zones(Growing zones) 10 and 11 as perennials. But you can also grow it in other zones of the US as annuals.
If you live in a country that has a dominating hot climate then this plant is for you. A minimum of 60 degrees F temperature is required for better long-lasting results.
You can use containers or flower pots to plant your plant and then it will be grown as an indoor plant.
Starting from the Victorian age Wax Begonia is still popular among numerous gardeners.
Planting The Seeds Of Wax Begonia
The seeds of the Begonia Plant are very small. In fact, these are actually one of the smallest seeds that you can find on market, therefore, while planting the seeds, it is needed to remember that small seed pods can create millions of seedlings.
After planting the seeds try to keep the surrounding temperature above 60 degrees F and water regularly and try to keep the soil moist.
How to Take Care of Wax Begonia?
Once the seedlings occur the plant will start growing then you are in need to care of the following conditions:-
Unlike succulent plants, Begonia requires more water. Water the plant regularly in the evening. Try to keep the soil moist a little but don’t flood it with water.
- Temperature Regulation
As I already told you that these plants are mainly hardy and perennial, therefore, it mainly survives well in warmer climates.
But, inside the home, it can be grown at a temperature ranging between 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
For blooming the minimum temperature should be 60 degrees F. Hardiness zones 10 and 11 shows the best results.
In mild hot climates, full sun is required but in tropical and very hot climates some shades are needed to save the plant from highly bright afternoon sunlight.
For those plants which are not blooming yet, more sunlight should be provided.
- Humidity Regulation
Wax begonias tend to grow and flourish in a humid environment, therefore, you have to keep the surrounding humidity at about 50 per cent.
You can use small humidifiers for indoor plants.
- Soil Condition
Well-draining and light soils are proven to be good for Wax Begonias.
Fertilizers are not so essential.
You can use quite weak fertilizers monthly. It will work well for the plant.
How to Prune Wax Begonia?
We humans cut our hairs to give it a perfect shape — how can our plants get rid of it? We are not gonna cut hairs as it doesn’t have any.
Trim the overgrown or curved branches and the leaves once every month.
Wax Begonia can get leggy, that is it tends to reach a particular direction from where the sunlight is coming.
Pruning your plant is one of the best ways to get favourable growth that will help you to create a fuller plant.
How to Grow Wax Begonia in Containers?
Wax begonias are one of the best indoor houseplants that you can easily grow in containers. In containers, it can live up to five years.
If plants are unable to survive in the geographical area where you currently live in you can easily grow them as an indoor house plant.
Use large pots (with a lot of drainage holes) as I have already said, “They can grow up to 46cm and can spread up to 30cm” — quite large. It will also help you to avoid replanting the plant.
How to Overwinter Begonias?
Wax begonias do not grow in cold climates if you keep your plan outside.
But, if you grow it up indoors then it can survive.
Keep the surrounding temperature above 60 degrees F. Maintaining a warm atmosphere is crucial. Protection from frost is another reason behind keeping it indoors because frost will kill the plant with no delay.
Make sure it gets an adequate amount of sunlight as it is required for photosynthesis.
How to propagate Begonias?
Cutting is the best way to propagate begonias. The spring is the best season for cutting.
The length of every cutting should be about 4". Then dip the cutting into the soil for about 2". It is a type of artificially induced vegetative propagation in which the portion of the cut part under the soil is forming roots.
Keep the soil moist and maintain a humid environment around it. Covering the leaves with a plastic bag is helpful to provide humidity.
As the above-mentioned process is an artificially induced vegetative propagation, you will get a plant that is hundred percent genetically similar to its parent.
Growing it from seed is another option. Plant the seeds around 12 weeks before the first frost of the year. It will take about a month to form seedlings. You just need to follow the process as mentioned above in this article.
Common Problems With Begonias
Maybe you wonder why my Wax Begonia is dying? There may be many reasons.
The most common problems with Begonias are root rotting, stunted growth, fungus, aphids nematodes and other pest hazards curled or wrinkled leaves, being discoloured, the appearance of yellow or bronze leaves, deformed leaves etc.
root rotting is also a fungal problem. The fungus appears due to lack of humidity and causes mass destruction.
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